Once the site and the plants that we want have been chosen, the following steps must be carried out properly. In any task in the garden, the more time we devote to its preparation, the more satisfactory the results will be. If we have chosen our tree or shrub with the greatest care, we must also plant it with the same dedication. It would be absurd to plant a tree of great value in an insufficient hole. We will dig a hole that is about 25 cm. More depth and another 25 cm. More in diameter than the volume of the roots of our tree. This will allow the plant to immediately develop new roots with which to ensure its fixation and grow faster.
If the soil is heavy and clayey the hole should be wider with greater reason, to facilitate drainage and that the roots do not stumble right away with the hard clay. Mixing compost or organic matter with the soil helps to improve its structure and moisture retention. The roots of a tree extend much wider and deeper than those of the shrub. If it is not possible to add enough organic matter to them for their entire lives, we should at least give them a good start.
For the transplant, we must first dampen the soil of the container. Then we will carefully remove the root ball, without abrupt pulling of the trunk or force too much to break a large part of the roots. If the roots have been rolled in the bottom of the container, we will loosen them gently.
We will place the root ball in the hole by adding plantation soil in the bottom until the top of the root ball almost reaches the level of the ground, remaining a little lower so as not to expose the upper roots and facilitate the collection of water when watering. No burrows or graft joints should be buried.
To keep the plant straight you may need to place a tutor. We will do this by sinking it without damaging the roots and carefully tethering it to the trunk to avoid chafing. A year or so will have to be removed, eventually it can cause wounds in the cortex.
The hole will be filled by taking care that the soil enters well between the roots. Then we will tamp with the foot, treading out and carefully to damage the roots or to compact the earth in excess. If the tree needs to be fastened, it is better to stop it, leaving the soil loose, which has cost us so much work. In dry areas can be surrounded in a plantation pit with a feed, which will allow more generous irrigations to retain a good amount of water.